Lista de Verbos Irregulares do inglês

Discussões sobre Verbs, Nouns, Adjectives, Prepositions, Present Perfect, Simple Past etc.

Mensagempor Alessandro » 23 Set 2008, 23:54

Os verbos irregulares do idioma inglês são todos aqueles que não seguem a regra geral de formação do Passado e do Particípio Passado.

A formação do “Past” (Passado) e do “Past Participle” (Particípio Passado), de acordo com a regra geral, se dá através do sufixo - ed. Exemplo: o verbo “to walk” (caminhar) é regular e seu passado é “walked” e seu particípio passado também é “walked” = I walk (Eu caminho); I walked (Eu caminhei); I have walked (Eu tenho caminhado). Portanto, todo verbo que não seguir este padrão, será classificado de irregular.

É bom lembrar também que, com relação à conjugação, nada diferem dos verbos regulares. A única mudança que ocorre é na terceira pessoa do singular no presente afirmativo. Lembramos ainda que o único verbo que foge a esta regra é o “to be” (ser e estar).

arise - arose - arisen [surgir; erguer-se]
awake - awoke - awoken [despertar]
be - was; were - been [ser; estar]
bear - bore - borne [suportar; dar a luz]
beat - beat - beaten [bater]
become - became - become [tornar-se]
begin - began - begun [começar]
behold - beheld - beheld [contemplar]
bend - bent - bent [curvar, entortar]
bet - bet - bet [apostar]
bid - bid - bid [oferecer, fazer uma oferta]
bind - bound - bound [unir; encadernar]
bite - bit - bitten [morder]
bleed - bled - bled [sangrar]
blow - blew - blown [soprar; explodir]
break - broke - broken [quebrar]
breed - bred - bred [procriar, reproduzir]
bring - brought - brought [trazer]
broadcast - broadcast - broadcast [irradiar, transmitir (via TV ou rádio)]
build - built - built [construir]
buy - bought - bought [comprar]
cast - cast - cast [arremessar, atirar]
catch - caught - caught [pegar, apanhar]
choose - chose - chosen [escolher]
come - came - come [vir]
cost - cost - cost [custar]
creep - crept - crept [rastejar]
cut - cut- cut [cortar]
deal - dealt - dealt [negociar, tratar]
dig - dug - dug [cavar]
do - did - done [fazer]
draw - drew - drawn [desenhar]
drink - drank - drunk [beber]
drive - drove - driven [dirigir (veículo)]
eat - ate - eaten [comer]
fall - fell - fallen [cair]
feed - fed - fed [alimentar]
feel - felt - felt [sentir]
fight - fought - fought [lutar]
find - found - found [encontrar]
flee - fled - fled [fugir, escapar]
fly - flew - flown [voar; pilotar]
forbid - forbade - forbidden [proibir]
forget - forgot - forgotten [esquecer]
forgive - forgave - forgiven [perdoar]
freeze - froze - frozen [congelar]
get - got - gotten [obter]
give - gave - given [dar]
go - went - gone [ir]
grind - ground - ground [moer]
grow - grew - grown [crescer; cultivar]
have - had - had [ter]
hear - heard - heard [ouvir]
hide - hid - hidden [esconder]
hit - hit - hit [bater, atingir]
hold - held - held [segurar; abraçar]
hurt - hurt - hurt [ferir, machucar; magoar]
keep - kept - kept [manter]
know - knew - known [saber; conhecer]
lay - laid - laid [pôr; botar ovos]
lead - led - led [liderar]
leave - left - left [deixar, partir]
lend - lent - lent [emprestar]
let - let - let [deixar]
lie - lay - lain [deitar]
lose - lost - lost [perder]
make - made - made [fazer, fabricar]
mean - meant - meant [significar]
meet - met - met [encontrar; conhecer]
overcome - overcame - overcome [superar]
overtake - overtook - overtaken [alcançar; conseguir]
pay - paid - paid [pagar]
put - put - put [pôr, colocar]
quit - quit - quit [desistir, abandonar]
read /riid/ - read /réd/ - read /réd/ [ler]
ride - rode - ridden [cavalgar; andar (de bicicleta); passear]
ring - rang - rung [tocar (campainha)]
rise - rose - risen [erguer-se]
run - ran - run [correr; concorrer (em eleição)]
saw - sawed - sawn [serrar]
say - said - said [dizer]
see - saw - seen [ver]
seek - sought - sought [buscar; procurar]
sell - sold - sold [vender]
send - sent - sent [enviar]
set - set - set [pôr, colocar; ajustar]
shake - shook - shaken [tremer]
shed - shed - shed [derramar]
shine - shone - shone [brilhar, reluzir]
shoot - shot - shot [atirar; filmar]
show - showed - shown [mostar, exibir]
shrink - shrank - shrunk [encolher]
shut - shut - shut [fechar]
sing - sang - sung [cantar]
sink - sank - sunk [afundar]
sit - sat - sat [sentar]
slay - slew - slain [matar, assassinar]
sleep - slept - slept [dormir]
slide - slid - slid [deslizar, escorregar]
speak - spoke - spoken [falar]
spend - spent - spent [gastar]
spin - spun - spun [fazer girar]
spit - spit / spat - spit / spat [cuspir]
spread - spread - spread [espalhar; disseminar, difundir]
spring - sprang - sprung [saltar]
stand - stood - stood [ficar em pé; suportar]
steal - stole - stolen [furtar]
stick - stuck - stuck [fincar, enfiar]
sting - stung - stung [picar, ferroar]
stink - stank - stunk [feder]
strike - struck - struck [golpear; atacar]
strive - strove - striven [esforçar-se]
swear - swore - sworn [jurar]
sweep - swept - swept [varrer]
swim - swam - swum [nadar]
swing - swung - swung [balançar]
take - took - taken [tomar]
teach - taught - taught [ensinar; lecionar]
tear - tore - torn [rasgar]
tell - told - told [contar]
think - thought - thought [pensar]
throw - threw - thrown [jogar, atirar]
undergo - underwent - undergone [submeter-se a]
understand - understood - understood [entender]
uphold - upheld - upheld [sustentar; apoiar]
wear - wore - worn [vestir; usar (roupa)]
win - won - won [vencer]
wind /uaind/ - wound /uaund/ - wound /uaund/ [enrolar; dar corda]
write - wrote - written [escrever]
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Re: Lista de Verbos Irregulares do inglês

Mensagempor jlmmelo » 12 Jul 2011, 18:35

Mais alguns para a lista:

Abide - Abode/Abided - Abode/Abided/Abidden [suportar, residir]
Alight - Alit/Alighted - Alit/Alighted [descer, aterrar, aterrisar]
Bid - Bade - Bidden [lançar em leilão, licitar, convidar]
Burn - Burnt/Burned - Burnt/Burned [queimar]
Burst - Burst - Burst [arrebentar, explodir, brotar]
Bust - Bust - Bust [quebrar, proibir, prender]
Clap - Clapped/Clapt - Clapped/Clapt [aplaudir]
Cling - Clung - Clung [unir-se]
Clothe - Clad/Clothed - Clad/Clothed [vestir]
Dare - Dared/Durst - Dared [ousar, desafiar]
Dive - Dived/Dove - Dived [mergulhar]
Dream - Dreamt/Dreamed - Dreamt/Dreamed [sonhar]
Dwell - Dwelt - Dwelt [habitar]
Fit - Fit/Fitted - Fit/Fitted [combinar, ajustar, alugar]
Fling - Flung - Flung [arremessar]
Forecast - Forecast/Forecasted - Forecast/Forecasted [prever]
Forsake - Forsook - Forsaken [abandonar]
Frostbite - Frostbit - Frostbitten [causar ulceração pelo frio]
Handwrite - Handwrote - Handwritten [escrever a mão]
Hang - Hung/Hanged - Hung/Hanged [enforcar, travar]
Inlay - Inlaid - Inlaid [enquadrar]
Input - Input/Inputted - Input/Inputted [colocar dados ou programas num computador]
Interlay - Interlaid - Interlaid [ficar no meio ou entre]
Kneel - Knelt/Kneeled - Knelt/Kneeled [ajoelhar-se]
Knit - Knit/Knitted - Knit/Knitted [tricotar, atar]
Lean - Leant/Leaned - Leant/Leaned [inclinar, apoiar-se]
Leap - Leapt/Leaped - Leapt/Leaped [saltar, pular]
Learn - Learnt/Learned - Learnt/Learned [estudar, aprender]
Light - Lit - Lit [clarear, acender]
Melt - Melted - Molten/Melted [derreter, fundir]
Mislead - Misled - Misled [enganar, iludir]
Mistake - Mistook - Mistaken [errar]
Misunderstand - Misunderstood - Misunderstood [entender mal, enganar-se]
Miswed - Miswed/Miswedded - Miswed/Miswedded [casar impropriamente]
Mow - Mowed - Mown [cortar grama]
Overdraw - Overdrew - Overdrawn [emitir cheques sem fundos, exagerar]
Overhear - Overheard - Overheard [ouvir por acaso]
Preset - Preset - Preset [preparar anteriormente]
Prove - Proved - Proven/Proved [provar, mostrar]
Re-prove - Re-proved - Re-proven/Re-proved [reprovar, censurar]
Rid - Rid/Ridded - Rid/Ridded [libertar, resgatar]
Rive - Rived - Riven/Rived [rachar]
Sew - Sewed - Sewn/Sewed [costurar]
Shave - Shaved - Shaven/Shaved [fazer a barba]
Shear - Shore/Sheared - Shorn/Sheared [tosquiar]
Shoe - Shod - Shod [calçar]
Sling - Slung - Slung [elevar, erguer]
Slink - Slunk - Slunk [fugir]
Slit -Slit - Slit [fender, rachar]
Smell - Smelt/Smelled - Smelt/Smelled [cheirar, feder]
Sneak - Sneaked/Snuck - Sneaked/Snuck [andar de rastos, alcagüetar, furtar]
Soothsay - Soothsaid - Soothsaid [fazer profecia, prever]
Sow - Sowed - Sown [semear]
Speed - Sped/Speeded - Sped/Speeded [ser feliz, mover-se com velocidade]
Spell - Spelt/Spelled - Spelt/Spelled [soletrar, enfeitiçar]
Spill - Spilt/Spilled - Spilt/Spilled [derramar]
Split - Split - Split [separar, fender, rachar]
Spoil - Spoilt/Spoiled - Spoilt/Spoiled [corromper, saquear]
Stride - Strode/Strided – Stridden [caminhar, cavalgar]
String - Strung - Strung [encordoar, amarrar, afinar]
Strip - Stript/Stripped - Stript/Stripped [despir, descascar]
Sublet - Sublet - Sublet [sublocar]
Sunburn - Sunburned/Sunburnt - Sunburned/Sunburnt [bonzear-se, bronzear]
Sweat - Sweat/Sweated - Sweat/Sweated [suar]
Swell - Swelled Swollen [inchar-se, crescer]
Thrive - Throve/Thrived - Thriven/Thrived [prosperar, enriquecer]
Thrust - Thrust - Thrust [empurrar, ferir]
Tread - Trod - Trodden [pisar, andar, passear]
Undertake - Undertook - Undertaken [empreender, aventurar-se]
Upset - Upset – Upset [derrubar, preocupar]
Vex - Vext/Vexed - Vext/Vexed [irritar, perseguir]
Wake - Woke - Woken [acordar]
Weave - Wove - Woven [tecer, trançar]
Wed - Wed/Wedded - Wed/Wedded [desposar, casar com]
Weep - Wept – Wept [chorar, gotejar]
Wend - Wended/Went - Wended/Went [viajar, dirigir]
Wet - Wet/Wetted - Wet/Wetted [umedecer, molhar]
Withdraw - Withdrew - Withdrawn [bater em retirada, sacar, retirar]
Withhold - Withheld - Withheld [impedir, reter]
Withstand - Withstood - Withstood [opor-se a-]
Wring - Wrung - Wrung [torcer, puxar]
Zinc - Zinced/Zincked - Zinced/Zincked [recobrir com zinco]

Fonte: usingenglish.com
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