Como usar "never've" em inglês?

Avatar do usuário Junior Lucas 140 3
Olá English experts, how are you guys?

Hoje eu vim aqui pedir socorro a vocês. Recentemente, lendo algo em inglês, me daparei com a seguinte estrutra "There would never've even been an English". E confesso: Nunca vi este contraction "never've". E diante disto, gostaria de saber se ela é usada apenas na escrita, se é formal ou informal e etc. Toda e qualquer informação que vocês tiverem com respeito ao uso desta contraction. Knowledge is power!

Obrigado guys! :)
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Hello, Junior.
How are you?

First of all, 'contracted' forms are not formal. So if you are writing a paper for your school for example, avoid using contractions.

Your sentence 'there would never have even been an English'

We have two rules here when using adverbs of frequency

1) frequency adverbs are placed AFTER modal verbs.
2) frequency adverbs are placed AFTER THE FIRST auxiliary verb in compound tenses.

That means that in a sentence
- I would have never done it.
- I would never have done it. (never've)

Both are ok.

As to the contracted form, honestly I have never seen it. However, I have seen some never-seen-before constructions only in books (novels, thrillers, etc)

I would rather use NEVER HAVE or HAVE NEVER than that contracted form.


See you!
Avatar do usuário PPAULO 39755 6 32 695
Certainly slangy, not standard English, but you can find it elsewhere just the same.
To say the truth, is rarely found.



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And I didn't do it–never've even been to Florida!

Sounds like "never ever have been to Florida", I would say so. Never ever - is a more emphatic way to say never, that is "never, never been..." etc (but, as you should not to use two negatives in a sentence, you say "never ever".)

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You may never've even been outside America. The Swiss are tough and resourceful people and it extends to their defensive structure


I never've even been to that site before. Not MySpace but the video section. It's cool!
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So, in this same train of thought...
"There would never've even been an English".
There would never been an English...

Maybe, to your understanding, it´s better this way "There would never been an English...''
[it sounds like it lacks something, though. perhaps there´s a suspension of though "There would been an English language/people etc...]

In other words, An English language/people wouldn´t exist at all.