PLEASURE X PLEASANT X PLEASING X PLEASED
>> a feeling or stimulation that is not generally regarded as pain.
It is a pleasure
to meet you all.
>> É um prazer
conhecer todos vocês.
>> friendly, kind, or good-natured;
>> enjoyable: bringing feelings of pleasure, enjoyment, or satisfaction.
The scent of the soap is pleasant
>> O cheiro do sabão é agradável
We spent a very pleasant
>> Tivemos uma noite muito agradável
>> related to anything that gives you pleasure;
>> a description that can be used to describe any positive and enjoyable subject or add a positive meaning to a description;
>> appealing: pleasant or attractive.
It's not very pleasing
to the eye.
>> Não é muito agradável
de se olhar.
She has made pleasing
progress in the last few weeks.
>> Ela fez progressos satisfatórios
nas últimas semanas.
>> Ela tem feito progressos adequados
nas últimas semanas.
4. To please
I'm pleasing myself with a 30-day challenge - studying Math.
>> Eu mesmo(a) estou me presenteando / deleitando com um desafio de 30 dias - estudando Matemática.
>> Eu mesmo(a) estou curtindo um desafio de 30 dias - estudando Matemática.
to be here.
>> Estou feliz / contente
por estar aqui.
are synonyms, but pleasing
implies an intention or effort to please, whereas pleasant
denotes an existing attitude that pleases without effort. I believe there is a slightly difference between these two adjectives and we need to pay more attention to it.Pleasing
is an adjective that involves feelings/emotions.
E.g: Her smile is pleasing.
(It is more active; with a human touch
represents something which has qualities that provide pleasure
[It is more descriptive of the attributes
directly refers to the noun having qualities which give pleasure (e.g.: That was a pleasant night = The night was pleasant.) whereas pleasing
refers to the act of giving pleasure (e.g.: That was a pleasing book = The book gave the reader pleasure.)Pleased
refers to a temporary state of affairs in contrast to the previous adjectives.
I hope you find it interesting.
(2) Cambridge Online Dictionary.
(3) KERMODE, Frank. Pleasing myself - from Beowulf to Philip Roth
. Allen Lane Publisher. 2001.
(4) DIXON, R. M. W.; R. E. Asher (Editor). The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics
. Pergamon Press Inc. 1993.
(5) McMENOMY, Bruce A. Syntactical Mechanics: A New Approach to English
. University of Oklahoma Press. 2014.