Exercício de Inglês: Texto da BBC

Assinale a alternativa que não corresponde à uma palavra cognata do seguinte texto:
Obama ends Middle East trip with visit to Petra ruins US President Barack Obama has ended his visit to the Middle East with a trip to the famous ruins of the ancient city of Petra in Jordan. The site of the ancient city, which is carved into rose-red stone, dates back 2,000 years and is Jordan's top tourist attraction, drawing more than half a million visitors each year. - Available at bbc.co, accessed on March 25th 2013
Assinale:
  • A - Visit
  • B - Famous
  • C - President
  • D - Years

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1 resposta
Prezada IORRANA LOPES,

In Linguistics, cognates, also called lexical cognates, are words that have a common etymological origin. According to the text, the only one word which is not a cognate is years. The answer is letter D.

A) visit = visita.
>> etymology (origin of the words): visitare (Latin);

B) famous = famoso(-a).
>> etymology (origin of the words): famosus (Latin);

C) president = presidente(-a).
>> etymology (origin of the words): praesident (Latin) = meaning: sitting before.

D) years = anos.
>> etymology of year: jaar (Dutch) or jahr (German) = meaning: season.
>> etymology of ano: annus (Latin) = meaning: ten months; twelve months.

Note: In Ancient Rome, the word annus originally meant ten months which was the duration of the Roman year (from the month martius to december 304 days, with the remaining two months of winter not assigned to a specific month). This later came to mean twelve months as the calendar was rearranged by Numa Pompilius, who added January and February to the start of the year. Many centuries later, Augustus Caesar renamed the months of Quintilis and Sextilis to be July and August after his adoptive father Julius Caesar and himself, but neither Julius Caesar nor Augustus were responsible for increasing the year to 12 months.

REFERENCES:
(1) CHARLTON T. Lewis and Charles Short. A Latin Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1879.
(2) PECK, Harry Thurston [editor]. Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1898.
(3) MORWOOD, James [editor]. Oxford - Pocket Latin Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2005.