Exercício: Texto em inglês sobre a violência nas favelas do Rio

Avatar do usuário Donay Mendonça 49115 21 73 1138
Pessoal,

A. Leiam o texto abaixo. / Read the text below.


Rio de Janeiro - Rio de Janeiro is not a city at war. The UN does not consider it a focal point of armed violence. Yet for its underserved youth, it most certainly is. Between December of 1987 and November 2001, violent death claimed 3,937 Cariocas, or local residents, under 18 years of age. By comparison, during the same period, 467 minors died in and around the West Bank between Jordan and Israel, which is considered a war zone by the international community.
The impoverished adolescents of Rio's slums, faced with limited options, join organized crime that, often as not, leads to their early and violent death. They are not child soldiers in the strict sense of the term, but neither can they be considered ordinary delinquents when drug lords arm them with war-grade weapons and pay them monthly salaries.
They are victims of years of poverty, social marginalization, and drug gang institutionalization.
For some 20 years, Rio's slums, known as favelas, and their 1 million inhabitants have become increasingly independent of the Brazilian state. This has resulted in the institutionalization of organized gangs that provide community security services otherwise conventionally delivered by government actors. Because the favela exists outside any normal social contract between civilians and state, another social order, enforced by drug gangs and their soldiers, or soldados, as they're called here, prevents crime such as rape and theft, rewards honesty, and punishes infractions with lethal force. - www.brazilmax.com


B. Mark True or False.

1. Rio de Janeiro is a city at war according to the UN. (.....)
2. Rio de Janeiro is most certainly a city at war for its youth. (.....)
3. The adolescents of Rio's slums join organized crime when they aren't faced with limited options. (.....)
4. Another social order, enforced by drug gangs and their soldiers, never prevents crime such as rape and theft, rewards honesty, and punishes infractions with lethal force. (.....)

C. Respondam as perguntas abaixo. / Answer the questions below.

1. What are the people from the favelas victims of?
............................................................................................

2. "For some 20 years, Rio's slums, known as favelas, and their 1 million inhabitants have become increasingly independent of the Brazilian state." - What is the result of that?
...........................................................................................................

D. Traduzam as palavras a seguir para o português. / Translate the words below into Portuguese.

1. War:.................
2. Death:...............
3. Slum:................
4. Known:.............

Bons estudos!
MENSAGEM PATROCINADA Para aprender mais sobre os Tempos Verbais baixe agora o: Guia Grátis de Tempos Verbais em Inglês. Ele contém um resumo bem estruturado para revisar os conceitos que você aprendeu na escola.

Clique aqui e saiba como baixar!
Avatar do usuário Donay Mendonça 49115 21 73 1138
Pessoal,

Aqui estão as respostas / Here are the answers:

B.

1. F
2. T
3. F
4. F

C.

1. They are victims of years of poverty, social marginalization, and drug gang institutionalization.
2. That has resulted in the institutionalization of organized gangs that provide community security services otherwise conventionally delivered by government actors.

D.

1. Guerra
2. Morte
3. Favela
4. Conhecido

Bons estudos!