To borrow & To lend
These verbs are closely connected and are sometimes confused. In simple terms to borrow is to take and to lend is to give. The person who wants something, borrows and the person who gives something, lends.
If you are taking:
If you are giving:
Using 'to borrow
The subject of the sentence is the person who wants something. In these examples the subject is 'I'.
Can I borrow your pen please?
Could I borrow some money please?
Can I borrow your bike?
Using 'to lend
You can also use the verb 'to lend' to ask for something. In this case the subject of the sentence is the person who has something. In these examples the subject is 'you'.
Could you lend me your pen please?
Could you lend me some money, please?
Could you lend me your bike?
Complementando, de maneira bem fácil:
Lend = Emprestar a alguém
Borrow = Pegar emprestadohttp://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learn ... ge11.shtml