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Near and near to
Near and near to are prepositions. Near is also an adjective.
Near and near to as prepositions
The preposition near (to) means ‘not far away in distance’. Near and near to mean the same, but near is more common:
She comes from a small place on the coast near Barcelona.
My mother loves to sit near the fire at night.
She reached out her hand and drew him near to her.
We can use near (to) to talk about time:
My boss is near retirement. (He will retire soon.)
Call me back near the end of September.
We can use near (to) to talk about being almost in a particular state or condition:
It was full of soldiers and of military police, and I was near despair.
Mas na frase "I live far from school" n se usa o "the" pq?