Exercício: Texto em Inglês sobre Microcefalia

  Verificado por especialistas
Donay Mendonça 22 107 1.6k
A Microcefalia é um dos assuntos mais comentados e divulgados na imprensa (mundial). Vamos praticar a leitura com um texto do Jornal Americano The New York Times.

1. Text - Texto

What is microcephaly?

Babies with microcephaly have unusually small heads. In roughly 15 percent of cases, a small head is just a small head, and there is no effect on the infant, according to Dr. Constantine Stratakis, a pediatric geneticist and a scientific director at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. But in the remainder of cases, the infant’s brain may not have developed properly during pregnancy or may have stopped growing in the first years of life. These children may experience a range of problems, like developmental delays, intellectual deficits or hearing loss. The consequences can vary widely from child to child. Pinpointing an underlying cause helps clinicians to advise parents about their newborn’s prognosis. Genetic abnormalities are a common cause. Microcephaly can also be triggered by infections of the fetus, including German measles (also known as rubella), toxoplasmosis (a disease caused by a parasite found in undercooked contaminated meat and cat feces) and cytomegalovirus. Microcephaly may also result if a pregnant woman consumes alcohol, is severely malnourished or has diabetes. If the defect occurs in a child’s first years, it may be a result of a brain injury during labor. There is no treatment for an unusually small head. “There is no way to fix the problem, just therapies to deal with the downstream consequences,” said Dr. Hannah M. Tully, a neurologist at Seattle Children’s Hospital who specializes in brain malformations. [nytimes.com/interactive/2016/health/what-is-zika-virus.html]

2. Answer - Responda de forma resumida

What is microcephaly?
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resposta
Bons estudos.
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3 respostas
Microcephaly occur when babies to born with a small head, The brain may not have developed properly during pregnancy or may have stopped growing in the first years of life.
Apenas uma pequena correção, Gih Simionato:

"Microcephaly occurs..."
Thanks! ;)