Absence x Lack: Como utilizar

Hello guys!

What the diffence between the context of these words: Absense and Lack.
When should I use each one?

Absence:

- The case was dismissed in the absence of any definite proof.

Lack:

- There was no lack of volunteers.

Thanks!
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Avatar do usuário Ricardo F. Bernardi 10220 15 197
absence
/ˈæbsəns/ (BrE / AmE)
[noun]
>> falta, ausência [ao colégio, trabalho, etc.]

I'm tired of her frequent absences from work.
>> Estou cansado(a) das frequentes faltas dela ao trabalho.

The case was dismissed in the absence of any definite proof.
>> O caso foi rejeitado na ausência de qualquer prova definida.

- in/during sb's absence = na/durante a ausência de alguém.
- in the absence of sth = por/na falta de algo.
_
lack
/læk/ (BrE / AmE)

[noun]
>> falta, carência.
- for/through lack of sth >> por falta de algo.

[ transitive verb]
>> carecer de, não ter.

He lacks imagination.
>> Ele carece de imaginação.

There was no lack of volunteers.
>> Não há carência / falta de voluntários.
_

Everything depends on what you will want to emphasize.

There was no absence of volunteers.
>> So, everybody showed up.

There was no lack of volunteers.
>> There is no need to put somebody else on the team.

A lack implies a judgement. You need to evalute it before say something for sure.
If something is lacking, it is not here in sufficient quantity and, at the same time, it is desired or necessary;

An absence merely reports a state of affairs.
The negation of a presence requires no judgement. It is a fact, in other words, it is already defined. If something or someone is absent, it is not here (definitely).

REFERENCE: Pearson Education. Longman Dictionary. 2nd ed. 2009.
Thank you very much, Ricardo! U r the best!
Avatar do usuário Ricardo F. Bernardi 10220 15 197
You're welcome! :)

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