Hoje vamos aprender quando omitir o artigo THE.
Regra 1 – quando falamos de forma geral sobre coisas, pessoas ou idéias abstratas. Example:
- Poverty is one of the scourges of the 21st Century
- The poverty I witnessed in the inner city slums was indescribable.
Regra 2 – quando estamos falando sobre paises, continentes, cidades, ruas, edifícios, lagos e montanhas. Example:
- Genoa is in Northern Italy.
- Valencia is in Southern Spain.
- They are both in Europe.
Regra 3 – quando falamos sobre transporte, comida, meses, estações do ano. Example:
- I’m going by car, but Andy’s going by train.
- Next Friday is the last day of term. In August the school is closed.
Só para finalizar vamos revisar algumas situações que podem causar problemas. Veja a forma correta de utilizá-las:
- Coisas únicas: the earth, the sun, the moon, but Earth;
- Lugares: France, Central Park, San Francisco, Mount Vesuvius, McDonald’s, but the United States of America, the United Kingdom, the Sahara, The Hague, the Statue of Liberty;
- Oceanos, rios, mares e lagos: the Pacific, the Amazon, the Mediterranean, the Great Lakes, but Lake Superior;
- Doenças e enfermidades: a cold, a headache, the flu, but pneumonia, cancer;
- Destino: to go to the store, to go to the post office, to go to the bank, to go to school, to go to church, to go to bed, to go home;
- Locais: at home, in bed, in school, in college;
- Expressões de tempo: in the morning, in the evening, (but at night), all the time, most of the time (but sometimes, in time, on time);
The correct use of the articles (a/an and the) is one of the most difficult points in English grammar.
That’s all folks.