There are some on TV the likes of "Grey Anatomy", ER, Private Practice (a spin-off of Grey Anatomy), Dr. House (a diagnostic drama with an assortment of different cases).
As for movies I will leave it to others to answer, since there are some movies wich the subject are some conditions (Lorenzo´s oil, Rain Man) etc, some that features characters with Amnesia, OCD, and so on. Anyway, to watch an entire film to learn about a single subject, can be a bit time-consuming...
As a complement (leisure time, if any), you can read some papers on the Scielo site, the BBC "Health" column, and others.
Let´s wait for more comments from experts.
On Youtube you can also see some clips on a range of matters, like cardiology, neurology, what you have.
On chanells like this:https://www.youtube.com/user/UCLAHealth