Hi there guys! Here goes my take on it. To me both could be used, anyway they seem like not being used much, generally they use others "workarounds" to say that.
"To arrogant Medici" would be possible, although it´s not broadly used in novel reviews, for instance.
But it (to my thinking), has a ring of talking in a general way.
"To the arrogant Medici" slightly suggests that there are more than one, a family of Medicis perhaps lives and walks on the novel´s pages, or it could be used in a sense of "epic/grand", or to "over-emphasize the arrogance of Medici-the character, maybe the main character.
In a way, here, "the arrogant" adjective the guy, in a colourful novel with a profusion of characters with marked features, e.g. The arrogant governor, the fearful wife, and the spoiled children (remember? Denis, the menace.)
So, the character´s thought would be singled out by its intensity.
So, if it´s to choose one, the first one would be my first choice, should the context match to it.
=http://www.theguardian.com/books/2012/m ... ead-reviewTo Descartes
, animals were at best automata, but a parrot taught the word "bon" by the French physiologist Michel Cabanac would use it, unprompted, in response to pleasurable activities such as preening and tickling.
It´s likely that they use some words/expressions to that effect. Such as, in Medici´s mind, Medici thinks that, Medici believes that...and so on and on.
And my sentence, at last.
In Medici´s arrogant thinking, one has just to draw (the necessary) conclusions from this dogmatic premise, simply by using/applying logic.
Anyway, I may or may not be right, it´s just an opinion of an ESL student here.