Among them x Among them are

Um colega me fez uma pergunta esses dias, "Among them" ou "Among them are", fiquei confuso e não soube responder, disse que procuraria por algo e assim fiz.
Pois bem, olhando na internet achei diferenças como "Among them is" e "Among them are", até que entendi acredito eu, mas ainda nao consigo dizer se a resposta para a diferença entre estes é a resposta que meu colega procura.

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PPAULO 6 47 1.1k
Here you single a group or a list of items (within a group - similar in kind or weight - and that are somehow related):

Psychological theories vary widely in their formality—the extent to which the components of the theory and the relationships among them are specified clearly and in detail.
(a group of theories/a set of theories and the links among them is highlighted.)

There are many things that government can more easily do than individuals or groups. Among them are building roads and highways, canals, airports, and port facilities. Supporting public schools is another.
(a list of items that follows, they are singled out as "things that government can do more easily".)
http://history-world.org/united_states_government.htm

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Here you single out a single item within a group of others (similar in weight or in kind)

More than 7,400 SURS retirees will receive more than $2 million during their retirements, based on actuarial life expectancies.
Among them is Leslie Heffez, a retired SURS employee, who draws a $547,000 annual pension. (here one example is singled out from the sample from high-paid retirees.)
https://www.illinoispolicy.org/5-reason ... taxpayers/

World Ocean keeps many secrets, the first among them is the mystery of the Bermuda Triangle.
(a mistery is picked from the many secrets from the ones that exist according to the author own information.)

Proportional factors (ci) and constant factors are unchangeable. Among them is the amount of food an animal needs per period of time.
It´s implicit that there are several factors, the autor places emphasis on "the amount of food an animal needs" - a single factor. It could be an accompanying factor, others might have similar weight and importance, but he specially highlights this one.
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