Exercício: Prova de inglês - Concurso BACEN

Avatar do usuário Flavia.lm 3885 1 9 86
Pessoal,

Trata-se da prova ref. concurso 01/2009, realizado ontem (31/01/2010) em todo o Brasil. Até onde eu sei, o concurso do Bacen é um dos mais concorridos do país (talvez perca para o concurso da Receita Federal, mas não tenho os números exatos). É um bom treino, não acham?

Não formatei o texto para que possam achar as linhas de acordo como pedido nos exercícios (estão em negrito, à esquerda).

Vou postar as respostas na sexta-feira.


***

Freedom of IMFormation
By Reza Moghadam
Posted on September 17, 2009 by iMFdirect

With the global financial crisis, the world is
increasingly looking to the International Monetary Fund—
not just for financing but as the global institution charged
with overseeing members’ economies and policies (what
5 we call surveillance). It’s easy to forget that only 10 years
ago the Fund was a secretive institution. That’s no longer
the case. Communicating and engaging with the world
at large is now a normal and essential part of the Fund’s
business.
10 The IMF today is a very open institution. The vast
majority of our reports are published. The public can
search the IMF’s archives. And we are making lots of
effort to reach out to external stakeholders.
The benefits of this increased transparency, both
15 for the Fund’s surveillance and lending activities, are
indisputable. Transparency allows us to engage with the
public and to build a broader understanding and support
of what we do. It benefits the quality of our advice by
subjecting our analysis to outside scrutiny. And more
20 generally, it makes us more accountable for our advice
and financial decisions. In all, it makes us a more
effective and legitimate institution.
Frankly, the Fund cannot be a genuine leader on
economic policy issues unless it is seen as transparent.
25 We certainly would not have been able to achieve the
major reforms of our lending frameworks and the
increase in our financial resources had we not been seen
as an open and transparent institution. Rightly, the public
expects to know what we are up to.
30 At the same time, certain aspects of transparency
remain controversial. Some believe that publication
undermines candor in the reports, the frankness of
discussions between staff and country authorities, and
the Fund’s role as trusted advisor.
35 Communicating and engaging with the world at
large is now a normal and essential part of the Fund’s
business. We are gearing up to review the Fund’s
transparency policy, as part of our efforts to increase
our effectiveness.
40 The IMF has come a long way over the last 10
years, and publication rates of reports are high. Raising
them further is not the main issue, nor one that can easily
be resolved without changes much of our membership
would consider revolutionary (such as making publication
45 mandatory). Rather, further efforts should focus on
making progress on a broad front, on issues that may
catch fewer headlines, but are nevertheless crucial:
Reducing long publication lags. How can we simplify
the cumbersome procedure for obtaining consent?
50 • Maintaining the integrity of reports. The IMF’s
analysis and advice must be, and be seen to be,
convincing, candid, and independent. To this end, there
is a long-standing and fundamental principle that Fund
reports are not “negotiated” documents.
55 • Making the Fund’s archives more accessible. The
current setup for searching the archives—in particular
the need to travel to Washington to gain full access to
them—is outdated. We should also consider whether
we can make some archived material available more
60 quickly to the public.

http://blog-imfdirect.imf.org/2009/09/1 ... formation/

56
The wordplay in the title refers to the fact that the
(A) IMF has not dared to open its reserved archives in Washington to the public in general.
(B) IMF has been adopting a transparency policy so as to enhance its credibility and legitimacy.
(C) IMF must be freed from the impositions of the world leaders on its financial decisions.
(D) once secret information kept by the IMF is not freely discussed nor is it easily negotiable.
(E) world economies are trying to get rid of the excessive control of the IMF over their financial systems.

57
The only argument that CANNOT be considered supportive of publishing the IMF documents is that the
(A) public must be made aware of what the IMF has been doing and the support it is giving to economic policy
issues.
(B) IMF will be regarded as a more trustworthy institution if it releases its documents and financial decisions to the
public at large.
(C) language used in documents that circulate publicly is usually more controlled and therefore less frank and
direct in exposing opinions and facts.
(D) lack of access of external stakeholders to the issues the IMF supports and the actions it takes makes the
institution more vulnerable and less effective.
(E) relevant changes made to the financing structure of the institution were only effected in recognition of the IMF
as a reputable and candid organization.

58
In terms of meaning, it is correct to affirm that
(A) “...charged with...” (lines 3-4) and endowed with are synonyms.
(B) “...reach out to...” (line 13) and get in touch with are antonyms.
(C) “...scrutiny.” (line 19) and inquiry have opposite meanings.
(D) “...gearing up to.” (line 37) and getting ready for express contradictory ideas.
(E) “...come a long way...” (line 40) and made considerable progress express similar ideas.

59
The expression in boldtype and the item in parenthesis are semantically equivalent in
(A) “In all, it makes us a more effective and legitimate institution.” - lines 21-22. (all things considered).
(B) “the Fund cannot be a genuine leader on economic policy issues unless it is seen as transparent.” - lines 23-24. (given that).
(C) “Rather, further efforts should focus on making progress on a broad front, on issues that may catch fewer
headlines,” - lines 45-47. (moreover).
(D) “To this end, there is a long-standing and fundamental principle that Fund reports are not ‘negotiated’
documents.” - lines 52-54. (last but not least).
(E) “We should also consider whether we can make some archived material available more quickly to the public.”
- lines 58-60. (while).

60
“I agree wholeheartedly with these transparency initiatives. I would also urge the IMF to keep going further forward
particularly in regards to archives, as well as releasing country reports as part of a regular pattern of their activities,
and to move to a system of releasing mandatory reports. In order for us not to repeat the same mistakes over and
over again, we must be able to discern patterns from real world data. Secrecy is to be shunned since it promotes an
imbalance in power and always leads to abuses.”
Rahim, on December 14th, 2009 at 12:41 am
http://blog-imfdirect.imf.org/2009/09/1 ... omment-579

The comment above is in tune with Moghadam’s ideas, because Rahim states that
(A) secret reports are not welcome in the IMF any more because they actually distort real world data.
(B) some concealment measures should be preserved so as to protect IMF archives and country reports.
(C) no country reports should be mandatory to avoid the imbalance of power among the world’s leading nations.
(D) the transparency initiatives promoted by the IMF may eventually lead to mistakes and to an abuse of power.
(E) the IMF should regularly publish reports in order to keep the world informed on financial and economic issues
the institution has adopted.
MENSAGEM PATROCINADA Aprenda dicas sobre os tempos verbais em inglês! Baixe agora o seu Guia Grátis de Tempos Verbais em Inglês. Ele contém um ótimo resumo para revisar todos os conceitos.

Clique aqui e saiba como baixar!
Avatar do usuário felipeh6 2170 7 53
Hello Flavia,

It´s hard and the text is boring, even so, let´s try:

56. B
57. C
58. E
59. A
60. E

I hope to get at least one! :shock:
Thanks for the post.

Best Regards,

Felipe Haag
Avatar do usuário Flavia.lm 3885 1 9 86
Hi

Here are the answers:

56. B
57. C
58. E
59. A
60. E

congrats, Felipe
and, yes, the text is boring!
Avatar do usuário felipeh6 2170 7 53
Wow! Better than I expected!
Thanks Flavia, it was a good chalenge.
Well, that text is quite interesting in my humble opinion. I've got a friend who is an economist in the IMF and told him that the text was used as the basis for English interpretation questions in the the latest Brazilian Central Bank exams, which I also took last Sunday.

He told me that IMF has been performing more outreach programs lately because they would probably face an internal organizational crisis otherwise. According to him, FMI almost closed due to lack of service in the economic growth years before the global economic crisis in 2008.