Trata-se da prova ref. concurso 01/2009, realizado ontem (31/01/2010) em todo o Brasil. Até onde eu sei, o concurso do Bacen é um dos mais concorridos do país (talvez perca para o concurso da Receita Federal, mas não tenho os números exatos). É um bom treino, não acham?
Não formatei o texto para que possam achar as linhas de acordo como pedido nos exercícios (estão em negrito, à esquerda).
Vou postar as respostas na sexta-feira.
***Freedom of IMFormation
By Reza Moghadam
Posted on September 17, 2009 by iMFdirect
With the global financial crisis, the world is
increasingly looking to the International Monetary Fund—
not just for financing but as the global institution charged
with overseeing members’ economies and policies (what5
we call surveillance). It’s easy to forget that only 10 years
ago the Fund was a secretive institution. That’s no longer
the case. Communicating and engaging with the world
at large is now a normal and essential part of the Fund’s
The IMF today is a very open institution. The vast
majority of our reports are published. The public can
search the IMF’s archives. And we are making lots of
effort to reach out to external stakeholders.
The benefits of this increased transparency, both15
for the Fund’s surveillance and lending activities, are
indisputable. Transparency allows us to engage with the
public and to build a broader understanding and support
of what we do. It benefits the quality of our advice by
subjecting our analysis to outside scrutiny. And more20
generally, it makes us more accountable for our advice
and financial decisions. In all, it makes us a more
effective and legitimate institution.
Frankly, the Fund cannot be a genuine leader on
economic policy issues unless it is seen as transparent.25
We certainly would not have been able to achieve the
major reforms of our lending frameworks and the
increase in our financial resources had we not been seen
as an open and transparent institution. Rightly, the public
expects to know what we are up to.30
At the same time, certain aspects of transparency
remain controversial. Some believe that publication
undermines candor in the reports, the frankness of
discussions between staff and country authorities, and
the Fund’s role as trusted advisor.35
Communicating and engaging with the world at
large is now a normal and essential part of the Fund’s
business. We are gearing up to review the Fund’s
transparency policy, as part of our efforts to increase
The IMF has come a long way over the last 10
years, and publication rates of reports are high. Raising
them further is not the main issue, nor one that can easily
be resolved without changes much of our membership
would consider revolutionary (such as making publication45
mandatory). Rather, further efforts should focus on
making progress on a broad front, on issues that may
catch fewer headlines, but are nevertheless crucial:
Reducing long publication lags. How can we simplify
the cumbersome procedure for obtaining consent?50
• Maintaining the integrity of reports. The IMF’s
analysis and advice must be, and be seen to be,
convincing, candid, and independent. To this end, there
is a long-standing and fundamental principle that Fund
reports are not “negotiated” documents.55
• Making the Fund’s archives more accessible. The
current setup for searching the archives—in particular
the need to travel to Washington to gain full access to
them—is outdated. We should also consider whether
we can make some archived material available more60
quickly to the public. http://blog-imfdirect.imf.org/2009/09/1 ... formation/56
The wordplay in the title refers to the fact that the
(A) IMF has not dared to open its reserved archives in Washington to the public in general.
(B) IMF has been adopting a transparency policy so as to enhance its credibility and legitimacy.
(C) IMF must be freed from the impositions of the world leaders on its financial decisions.
(D) once secret information kept by the IMF is not freely discussed nor is it easily negotiable.
(E) world economies are trying to get rid of the excessive control of the IMF over their financial systems.57
The only argument that CANNOT be considered supportive of publishing the IMF documents is that the
(A) public must be made aware of what the IMF has been doing and the support it is giving to economic policy
(B) IMF will be regarded as a more trustworthy institution if it releases its documents and financial decisions to the
public at large.
(C) language used in documents that circulate publicly is usually more controlled and therefore less frank and
direct in exposing opinions and facts.
(D) lack of access of external stakeholders to the issues the IMF supports and the actions it takes makes the
institution more vulnerable and less effective.
(E) relevant changes made to the financing structure of the institution were only effected in recognition of the IMF
as a reputable and candid organization.58
In terms of meaning, it is correct to affirm that
(A) “...charged with...” (lines 3-4) and endowed with
(B) “...reach out to...” (line 13) and get in touch with
(C) “...scrutiny.” (line 19) and inquiry
have opposite meanings.
(D) “...gearing up to.” (line 37) and getting ready for
express contradictory ideas.
(E) “...come a long way...” (line 40) and made considerable progress
express similar ideas.59
The expression in boldtype
and the item in parenthesis are semantically equivalent in
(A) “In all
, it makes us a more effective and legitimate institution.” - lines 21-22. (all things considered).
(B) “the Fund cannot be a genuine leader on economic policy issues unless
it is seen as transparent.” - lines 23-24. (given that).
, further efforts should focus on making progress on a broad front, on issues that may catch fewer
headlines,” - lines 45-47. (moreover).
(D) “To this end
, there is a long-standing and fundamental principle that Fund reports are not ‘negotiated’
documents.” - lines 52-54. (last but not least).
(E) “We should also consider whether
we can make some archived material available more quickly to the public.”
- lines 58-60. (while).60
“I agree wholeheartedly with these transparency initiatives. I would also urge the IMF to keep going further forward
particularly in regards to archives, as well as releasing country reports as part of a regular pattern of their activities,
and to move to a system of releasing mandatory reports. In order for us not to repeat the same mistakes over and
over again, we must be able to discern patterns from real world data. Secrecy is to be shunned since it promotes an
imbalance in power and always leads to abuses.”
Rahim, on December 14th, 2009 at 12:41 amhttp://blog-imfdirect.imf.org/2009/09/1 ... omment-579
The comment above is in tune with Moghadam’s ideas, because Rahim states that
(A) secret reports are not welcome in the IMF any more because they actually distort real world data.
(B) some concealment measures should be preserved so as to protect IMF archives and country reports.
(C) no country reports should be mandatory to avoid the imbalance of power among the world’s leading nations.
(D) the transparency initiatives promoted by the IMF may eventually lead to mistakes and to an abuse of power.
(E) the IMF should regularly publish reports in order to keep the world informed on financial and economic issues
the institution has adopted.