Silent letters

I want to give my two cents :P (pequena contribuição)

Quando estava estudando pronuncia, achava que só a letra "e" no final das palavras que era muda (silent) mas depois descobri que existem outras. Compartilho este texto com voces que explica outras letras em outros casos.
Espero que gostem, abraços, Taísy Silva :D

Silent B - B is not pronounced when
following M at the end of a word.
EX: climb / crumb / dumb / comb

Silent D - D is not pronounced in the
following common words:
handkerchief / sandwich / Wednesday

Silent E - E is not pronounced at the end of
words and usually makes the vowel long.
hope / drive / gave / write / site

Silent G - G is not often not
pronounced when followed by an N
champagne / foreign / sign / feign

Silent GH - GH is not pronounced before
T and at the end of many words
thought / through / daughter / light / might / right / fight / weigh

Silent H - H is not pronounced when following W.
Some speakers whisper the H before the W.
what / when / where / whether / why

Silent H - H is not pronounced at the beginning of many words.
Use the article "an" with unvoiced H.
Here are some of the most common:
hour / honest / honor / heir / herb

Pronounced H - H is pronounced at the beginning of these common words.
Use the article "a" with voiced H.
hill / history / height / happy / hangover

Silent K - K is not pronounced when followed by
N at the beginning of a word.
knife / knee / know / knock / knowledge

Silent L - L is often not pronounced before L, D, F, M, K.
calm / half / salmon / talk / balk / would / should /

Silent P
P is not pronounced at the beginning of
many words using the suffix "psych" and "pneu".
psychiatrist / pneumonia / psychotherapy / psychotic

Silent S - S is not pronounced before L in the following words:
island / isle

Silent T - T is not pronounced in these common words:
castle / Christmas / fasten / listen / often / whistle / thistle

Silent U - U is not pronounced before after G and before a vowel.
guess / guidance / guitar / guest

Silent W - W is not pronounced at the beginning of a word followed by an R.
wrap / write / wrong

Silent W - W is not pronounced with these three pronouns:
who / whose / whom
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Avatar do usuário josneywat 305 6
OFTEN , o T é pronunciado por muitos falantes. Não corrijam quando eles pronunciarem o "T".
Avatar do usuário Donay Mendonça 49075 21 73 1138
Hi Josneywat,

I had heard about it but had never really emphasized it much,

Thank you for the information!


;)
Valeu Josney,
não sabia dessa particularidade... Thanks
Avatar do usuário josneywat 305 6
Yes, some local accents do utter the 't' in often.
Avatar do usuário maryziller 295 1 1
There is a general rule in phonetics that when we have 3 consonants together as in the words below, one of the consonants gets dropped (is not pronounced, is silent). This is called elision.

Whistle The 't' is dropped.
Christmas The 't' is dropped.
‘exactly’, The 't' is dropped.
‘mostly’ and The 't' is dropped.
‘friendship’) The 'd' is dropped.

http://www1.tcue.ac.jp/home1/k-gakkai/ronsyuu/ronsyuukeisai/50_1.2/yuzawa.pdf explains that "The alveolar stop, both voiced and voiceless, is subject to elision when it is medial in a cluster of
three consonants. Elision takes place within words (e.g. ‘exactly’, ‘mostly’ and ‘friendship’) and
across words (e.g. ‘soft voice’, ‘last chance’ and ‘hold tight’). Because of elision, ‘like them’ may be
homophonous with ‘liked them’."

What does that mean?
It means that the middle consonant is dropped in words like in the preceding list. I just (apenas, só) posted the linguistic jargon so learners can search on the terms, if they require more information. Also, since our fourm is mulilevel (comprised speakers of all levels of proficiency from beginners to advanced to near native speakers and teachers), some of our more advanced learners will probably like the more precise quoted explanation.

When there are three or more consonants together, native speakers do not always produce as many consonant sounds. For example, the final consonant cluster in the word "fifths" is usually reduced to the last two consonant phonemes. (source: http://www.btinternet.com/~ted.power/phono.html

"Elision of consonants in English happens most commonly when a speaker "simplifies" a complex consonant cluster: 'acts' becomes / aks / rather than / akts /, 'twelfth night' becomes / twel nat / or /twelf nat / rather than / twelf nat /." (source: http://www.scribd.com/document_downloads/3803338?extension=pdf&secret_password= p. 24).

REGARDING SILENT 'E'
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EVC9TayQIh8 has a cute song about the silent 'e.'
Adorei Maryziller suas considerações.... Ampliaram muito meu conhecimento a cerca do tema!
Thank you very much
Muito legal o vídeo.. Vale a pena conferir pessoal!!!
Avatar do usuário Tiago Tafari Catelam 95 1
josneywat escreveu:OFTEN , o T é pronunciado por muitos falantes. Não corrijam quando eles pronunciarem o "T".


I found a video where a man says "often" without pronouncing the 't' and, right after that, pronouncing the 't'. Take a look at it (at 9:43):



"(...) I'd like to say not more often but probably they are more often (...)"

Hope it helps! ;)
Avatar do usuário claudemircloud 115 1
Pra mim que tenho dificuldades em pronúncia esse tópico é muito interessante! Valeu por postar ele aqui.
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Um aluno perguntou e eu não soube responder:

Por que em algumas palavras (como Hour) o H é mudo e em outras (como Heaven) o H é sonoro? Qual a regra?