And by saying "that everything got wrong with you" may lead the other person that you, all of sudden, got ill or nuts, for example.
This sentences is indeed used usually to ask about events that just happened or happened recently, and almost always "it means trouble", please read the following examples:
""'What's Got Wrong With You"' Somehow I got the notion We gave a thing in motion Now you say it's history Was it somethin' I said?"
I don't know what got wrong with my computer today, I powered it on and all icons on the taskbar jumped to the left corner and the start button jumped up to the right up corner, I restarted it maybe that could solve the problem, checked anything I could do on Control Panel still nothing. I don't know how to restore it to how it was before, please help.
So, "what went gone wrong for you" means one thing, and "what got wrong with you" is another completely different. Notice the prepositions as well.