Correção de texto em inglês: Hardware x Software

Well, i'm doing an article about the difference between Hardware and Software and this is the result:

First my text in portuguese:

Neste aula tentarei explicar a diferença entre dois termos bastante utilizados na área de TI: hardware e software.
Farei isso dando a definição desses termos e utilizando exemplos para facilitar o entendimento.
Então, vamos começar.

Uma frase bastante conhecida no meu idioma nativo e que ilustra muito bem essa distinção é a seguinte:
“Hardware é o que você chuta. Software é o que você xinga.”
É uma boa forma de enxergar essa diferença, mas vamos aos detalhes de cada um deles.

De modo geral, a palavra hardware pode ser utilizada para designar uma série de equipamentos, como por exemplo, ferramentas, utensílios e peças de máquinas.
Na área da eletrônica, hardware é o conjunto de elementos físicos que formam um sistema. Observe que não necessariamente estou me referindo aos computadores.
Dispositivos mais recentes, dos quais podemos citar smartphones e tablets também podem ser considerados como hardware.
Portanto, podemos utilizar a palavra para nos referirmos ao processador (CPU), disco rígido, memórias, placas de expansão, a placa-mãe, roteadores, modems. Os dispositivos de entrada e saída também são considerados hardware: mouse, teclado, impressora, scanner, webcam, caixas de som.
Uma forma bastante comum de utilizarmos o termo é para nos referirmos às configurações de um determinado dispositivo. Por exemplo:
“Desmontagem do MacBook Air (2012) revela um hardware melhor, bateria e design interno inalterado” (matéria do site TechRepublic de 11/07/2012)
“Desmontagem do Nokia Lumia 900 revela um hardware medíocre, razões para o alto preço” (matéria do site TechRepublic de 03/04/2012)
Nesta última matéria é possível observar uma frase logo no começo que mostra bem a utilização do termo nesse sentido:
“Mas, ele [Nokia Lumia 900] tem um hardware para competir com Samsung Galaxy Nexus e Apple iPhone 4S?”
Portanto, observa-se que podemos utilizar o termo hardware para nos referirmos tanto para o conjunto como para componentes específicos.
Existem inclusive sites que fazem comparação entre componentes de hardware. É o caso do Hardware Compare, onde é possível comparar chips gráficos de placas de vídeo.
A realização de benchmarks também observa as configurações de um dispositivo e compara hardwares específicos (exemplo: o site http://www.cpubenchmark.net)


Em contrapartida, o termo software designa a parte lógica de um sistema. Sendo bastante simplista, podemos dizer que softwares são os programas que rodam no hardware. Os Sistemas Operacionais são ótimos exemplos de um software que permitem a utilização de componentes de hardware.
É o Windows, por exemplo, que proporciona a interface e ferramentas para a utilização de um hardware.
O Android, sistema para dispositivos móveis da Google, também representa um software para interagir com o hardware.
Outro sistema operacional bastante conhecido é o Ubuntu, distribuição do GNU/Linux. Observe o seguinte trecho retirado do site ubuntu.com:
“Ubuntu software is free. Always was, always will be. Free software gives everyone the freedom to use it however they want and share with whoever they like.”
Obviamente os sistemas operacionais não são o único tipo de software. Falando em “tipo” de software, existem algumas classificações que tentam separar os softwares em algumas categorias.
Uma das classificações divide os softwares em três tipos:
1 – Software de Sistema: SO, Drivers
2 – Software de programação: editores de texto, compiladores
3 – Software aplicativo: jogos, browsers, pacotes de escritório.
No universo dos softwares, existe o que é chamado de Licença, que define ações permitidas ou proibidas de utilização desse software. O Windows e Ubuntu possuem licenças diferentes por isso são, respectivamente, um software pago e outro gratuito.
Os jogos também são um bom exemplo de software, enquadrado na categoria de software de aplicação na classificação citada anteriormente.
Outros exemplos são: MS Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Skype, MSN Messenger, entre outros.

Essa é a minha explicação para a diferença entre Hardware e Software.
Espero que vocês tenham entendido.
Qualquer dúvida coloque no campo dos comentários ou mandem-me um e-mail.

Muito obrigado e até mais.

And, my translate to english:


In this lesson I will try to explain the difference between two terms often used in the IT area: hardware and software.
I will do this giving definition of these terms and using examples to facilitate the understanding.
So, let’s begin

A phrase well knows in my native language and that illustrates very well this distinction is this:
“Hardware is what you kick. Software is what you curse/scold.”
It is a good way to understand the difference, but let’s go for the details of each one of them.

Generally speaking, the word hardware can be uses to designate a series of equipments, for example tools and machine parts.
In the field of electronic devices, hardware is the set of elements which form a physical system. Note that I’m not necessarily referring to computers.
Newer devices, of which we mention smartphones and tablets can also be considered as hardware.
Therefore, we use the word to refer to the CPU, hard disk, memory, expansion cards, motherboards, routers, modems. The input and output devices are also considered hardware: mouse, keyboard, printer, scanner, webcam, speaker.
A very common use for the term is to refer to the settings of a particular device. For example:
“MacBook Air (2012) teardown reveals better hardware, unchanged battery/internal design” (article published on the site TechRepublic on July 11, 2012).
“Nokia Lumia 900 teardown reveals mediocre hardware, reasons for great price” (article publishe on the site TechRepublic on April 3, 2012).
In the last article it’s possible to observe a sentence which shows the use of the term in this sense:
“But, does it have the hardware to compete with Samsung’s Galaxy Nexus and Apple’s iPhone 4S?”
Thus it is noted that we use the term to refer to hardware for both situations: to refer a whole together or a specific component.
There are even sites that make comparison between hardware components. This is the case of the website Hardware Compare where it is possible to compare graphics card.
Performing benchmarks also points the settings for a specific hardware device and compare (eg: http://www.cpubenchmark.net).

In contrast, the word software designates the logic part of the system. Being quite simplistic, we can say that softwares are programs that run on hardware. Operating System are good examples of softwares that allow the use of software components.
It is Windows, for example, that provides de interface and tools to use the hardware. The Android, system used in mobile devices also represents a software to interact with the hardware.
Another well-kwow operating system is Ubuntu, distribution of GNU/Linux. Note the following excerpt from ubuntu.com.
“Ubuntu software is free. Always was, always will be. Free software gives everyone the freedom to use it however they want and share with whoever they like.”
Obviously operating systems are not the only type of software. Speaking of “type” of software. There are some classifications that attempt to separate the softwares im some categories.
One of the classifications divides the softwares into three types:
1 – System Software: OS, device drivers
2 – Programming Software: text editors, compilers
3 – Application Software: games, browsers, office suites
In the world of software, there is what is called a License, which defines actions allowed or not to use such software. Windows and Ubuntu have different licenses, that why they are, respectively, a paid software and a free one.
The games are also a good example of software, comes into de category of application software in the classification mentioned above.
Other examples are: MS Word, MS Excel, MS PowerPoint, Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Skype, MSN Messenger.

That’s my explanation for the difference between of hardware and software.
I hope you have understood.
Any question post in the comments field or send me an email.

Thank you very much and goodbye.

I know it's a huge text but I hope to correct the major errors.
Thanks!

(Please, don't be shy in correcting me. I'm here to learn, and make mistakes is part of the process!)
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Algumas sugestões de correção:

In this lesson, I will try to explain the difference between two terms often used in the IT area: hardware and software.
I will do this by giving the definition of these terms and using examples to facilitate the understanding.

So, let’s begin

A phrase well known in my native language and that illustrates very well this distinction is this:
“Hardware is what you kick. Software is what you curse/scold.”
It is a good way to understand the difference, but let’s go for the details of each one of them.

Generally speaking, the word hardware can be used to designate a series of equipments, for example tools and machine parts.
In the field of electronic devices, hardware is the set of elements which form a physical system. Note that I’m not necessarily referring to computers.
Newer devices, of which we mention smartphones and tablets can also be considered as hardware.
Therefore, we use the word to refer to the CPU, hard disk, memory, expansion cards, motherboards, routers, modems. The input and output devices are also considered hardware: mouse, keyboard, printer, scanner, webcam, speaker.
A very common use for the term is to refer to the settings of a particular device. For example:
“MacBook Air (2012) teardown reveals better hardware, unchanged battery/internal design” (article published on the site TechRepublic on July 11, 2012).
“Nokia Lumia 900 teardown reveals mediocre hardware, reasons for great price” (article publishe on the site TechRepublic on April 3, 2012).
In the last article it’s possible to observe a sentence which shows the use of the term in this sense:
“But, does it have the hardware to compete with Samsung’s Galaxy Nexus and Apple’s iPhone 4S?”
Thus it is noted that we use the term to refer to hardware for both situations: to refer to a whole together or a specific component.
There are even sites that make comparisons between hardware components. This is the case of the website Hardware Compare where it is possible to compare graphics card.
Performing benchmarks also points the settings for a specific hardware device and compare (eg: http://www.cpubenchmark.net).

In contrast, the word software designates the logic part of the system. Being quite simplistic, we can say that softwares are programs that run on hardware. Operating System are good examples of softwares that allow the use of software components.
It is Windows, for example, that provides de interface and tools to use the hardware. The Android, system used in mobile devices also represents a software to interact with the hardware.
Another well-kwown operating system is Ubuntu, distribution of GNU/Linux. Note the following excerpt from ubuntu.com.
“Ubuntu software is free. Always was, always will be. Free software gives everyone the freedom to use it however they want and share with whoever they like.”
Obviously operating systems are not the only type of software. Speaking of “type” of software. There are some classifications that attempt to separate the softwares in some categories.
One of the classifications divides the softwares into three types:
1 – System Software: OS, device drivers
2 – Programming Software: text editors, compilers
3 – Application Software: games, browsers, office suites

In the world of software, there is what is called a License, which defines actions allowed or not to use such software. Windows and Ubuntu have different licenses, that why they are, respectively, a paid software and a free one.
The games are also a good example of software, comes into de category of application software in the classification mentioned above.
Other examples are: MS Word, MS Excel, MS PowerPoint, Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Skype, MSN Messenger.

That’s my explanation for the difference between of hardware and software.

I hope you have understood it.

If you have any questions, feel free to post in the comments field or send me an email.