Opa, achei complicado traduzir nesses contextos:
-The criminals are thrown to the lions to repay their debt to society.
-The shop is just a stone's throw away.
-There is a throw beside the couch that you could use to cover yourself if you get cold.
-She threw a new vase in her pottery class.
-She threw the switch and the Christmas tree lit up.
-We threw a party to celebrate the new house.