Como dizer "Vingativo" em inglês

Avatar do usuário Donay Mendonça 52155 21 84 1220
Aprenda a dizer vingativo em inglês. Amplie as suas habilidades no idioma.

Vengeful (formal)

Exemplos de uso:

  • He became bitter and vindictive after his divorce. [Ele se tornou amargo e vingativo depois do divórcio.]
  • He accused her of being vindictive. [Ele a acusou de ser vingativa.]
  • Are you vindictive? [Você é vingativo?]
  • I'm not vindictive. [Eu não sou vingativo.]
  • He's very vindictive. [Ele é muito vingativo.]
  • But don't be vindictive and punish innocent people. [Mas não seja vingativo punindo pessoas inocentes.]

  • He was not a vengeful man. [Ele não era um homem vingativo.]
  • We are not vengeful people but we want justice. [Nós não somos pessoas vingativas, mas queremos justiça.]

Cf. Como dizer Vingar em inglês
Cf. Como dizer Por vingança em inglês

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Avatar do usuário PPAULO 41355 6 32 726
Could also be: rancorous, resentful, (one that) have hard feelings, .

Depending on context, of course.
Avatar do usuário Ricardo F. Bernardi 10845 17 214
I have to disagree, PPAULO.

Vindictive and Vengeful means vingativo(a).
Rancorous means rancoroso(a).
Resentful means ressentido(a).

Although these words are related to each other, the meanings are different.

A vengeful person is rancorous or resentful without a doubt.

However, some people does not show their feelings and keep them inside, suffering alone.

These are the resentful. They don't know how to took revenge on the ones who made them suffer; or they just want to avoid fights, living with fear. Some even forget what happened but they keep the bad impression of the bulliers, for example, and forget what was the reason who made them to become vengeful. It is a serious mental disorder which can make them to develop different personalities or commit suicide if not treated correctly.

Not all resentful people are vengeful.

A vengeful person needs to do something, in fact, to be called that way.
A rancorous just defines someone who holds or have grudge.

Hard feelings represents all of negative feelings we hold, but not all of them are related to a revenge directly.
Hard feelings is not only revenge. It can be sadness, sorrow and bitterness too.

A sorrow represents a mix of disgust, regret, bitterness and sadness. It is difficult to precise them, after all we are talking about feelings here.

Although a sorrow is often mild, it can leave traces that can last for a long time. Sometimes it is possible to perceive it in a person's countenance, words, gestures.

(1) Pearson Education. Longman Dictionary. 2004.
(2) BRAIN, Christine. Advanced psychology: applications, issues and perspectives. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes. 2002.
(3) MCCULLOUGH, Michael. Beyond Revenge : The Evolution of the Forgiveness Instinct. Jossey-Bass. 2008.
Avatar do usuário PPAULO 41355 6 32 726
That´s where context enters. At least when used togheter "resentful and vengeful" mean that the person or group has the means to revenge on something/someone. Sometimes both are in the same place, although not necessarily, as you pointed out.

One example of both in play, is in the book The Culture of Vengeance and the Fate of American Justice, where at some point it reads:

But who is to say that the enjoyment of that freedom to vent cruelty with right – or that better justice he associates with it – can be so readily
Distinguished from the indiscriminate and self-righteous joys of vengeance as such? In revealing the “truth” about punishment that is (what is best,
More honestly cruel and masterly, and what is worst, most “reactive,” resentful, and vengeful), and in exempting his rarefied ‘nobility’ from the latter, Nietzsche conceals what is vengeful in the nobles and everyone else who takes pleasure in such punishment.

On the other hand, "resentful and vengeful" don´t have to be physical and vindictive at the same time, it could be just vindictive as in the expression "resentful and vengeful thoughts" (here not an actual action, but in the plane of thought).

I agree partially with your reasoning, though.